Trait: educational attainment

Experimental Factor Ontology (EFO) Information
Identifier EFO_0011015
Description A measure of academic performance through educational benchmarks such as national exams and curriculum assessments.
Trait category
Other measurement
Synonym academic attainment
Mapped term PMID:33594131

Associated Polygenic Score(s)

Filter PGS by Participant Ancestry
Individuals included in:
G - Source of Variant Associations (GWAS)
D - Score Development/Training
E - PGS Evaluation
List of ancestries includes:
Display options:
Ancestry legend
Multi-ancestry (including European)
Multi-ancestry (excluding European)
African
East Asian
South Asian
Additional Asian Ancestries
European
Greater Middle Eastern
Hispanic or Latin American
Additional Diverse Ancestries
Not Reported
Polygenic Score ID & Name PGS Publication ID (PGP) Reported Trait Mapped Trait(s) (Ontology) Number of Variants Ancestry distribution Scoring File (FTP Link)
PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Qualifications (years of education) educational attainment 50,413
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002012/ScoringFiles/PGS002012.txt.gz
PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Qualifications (years of education) educational attainment 950,845
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002231/ScoringFiles/PGS002231.txt.gz
PGS002319
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.BOLT-LMM)
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
College education educational attainment 1,109,311
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002319/ScoringFiles/PGS002319.txt.gz
PGS002391
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.0001)
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
College education educational attainment 6,535
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002391/ScoringFiles/PGS002391.txt.gz
PGS002440
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.001)
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
College education educational attainment 24,405
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002440/ScoringFiles/PGS002440.txt.gz
PGS002489
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.01)
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
College education educational attainment 126,911
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002489/ScoringFiles/PGS002489.txt.gz
PGS002538
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.1e-06)
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
College education educational attainment 1,136
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002538/ScoringFiles/PGS002538.txt.gz
PGS002587
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.5e-08)
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
College education educational attainment 514
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002587/ScoringFiles/PGS002587.txt.gz
PGS002636
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.PolyFun-pred)
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
College education educational attainment 577,448
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002636/ScoringFiles/PGS002636.txt.gz
PGS002685
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.SBayesR)
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
College education educational attainment 980,529
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002685/ScoringFiles/PGS002685.txt.gz

Performance Metrics

Disclaimer: The performance metrics are displayed as reported by the source studies. It is important to note that metrics are not necessarily comparable with each other. For example, metrics depend on the sample characteristics (described by the PGS Catalog Sample Set [PSS] ID), phenotyping, and statistical modelling. Please refer to the source publication for additional guidance on performance.

PGS Performance
Metric ID (PPM)
Evaluated Score PGS Sample Set ID
(PSS)
Performance Source Trait PGS Effect Sizes
(per SD change)
Classification Metrics Other Metrics Covariates Included in the Model PGS Performance:
Other Relevant Information
PPM010970 PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PSS009497|
European Ancestry|
16,350 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1752 [0.1603, 0.19] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010971 PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PSS009271|
European Ancestry|
3,619 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1351 [0.1029, 0.167] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010973 PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PSS008599|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
957 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0796 [0.0156, 0.1429] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010974 PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PSS008377|
South Asian Ancestry|
4,749 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0946 [0.0662, 0.1227] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010975 PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PSS008153|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,520 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0155 [-0.0352, 0.066] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010976 PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PSS007941|
African Ancestry|
1,949 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0297 [-0.0149, 0.0742] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010977 PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PSS009045|
African Ancestry|
3,278 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.028 [-0.0063, 0.0623] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010972 PGS002012
(portability-PLR_years_of_edu)
PSS008825|
European Ancestry|
5,612 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1582 [0.1326, 0.1837] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012694 PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PSS009497|
European Ancestry|
16,350 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.2008 [0.186, 0.2154] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012695 PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PSS009271|
European Ancestry|
3,619 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1451 [0.113, 0.177] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012696 PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PSS008825|
European Ancestry|
5,612 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1772 [0.1517, 0.2025] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012697 PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PSS008599|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
957 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0708 [0.0068, 0.1342] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012698 PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PSS008377|
South Asian Ancestry|
4,749 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1169 [0.0887, 0.1449] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012699 PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PSS008153|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,520 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0602 [0.0096, 0.1105] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012700 PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PSS007941|
African Ancestry|
1,949 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0494 [0.0048, 0.0938] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012701 PGS002231
(portability-ldpred2_years_of_edu)
PSS009045|
African Ancestry|
3,278 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Qualifications (years of education) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0209 [-0.0134, 0.0552] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM013084 PGS002319
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.BOLT-LMM)
PSS009719|
African Ancestry|
6,277 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0023 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013133 PGS002319
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.BOLT-LMM)
PSS009720|
East Asian Ancestry|
876 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0007 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013182 PGS002319
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.BOLT-LMM)
PSS009721|
European Ancestry|
42,914 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0548 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013231 PGS002319
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.BOLT-LMM)
PSS009722|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,658 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.022 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013372 PGS002391
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.0001)
PSS009719|
African Ancestry|
6,277 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0001 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013421 PGS002391
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.0001)
PSS009720|
East Asian Ancestry|
876 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013470 PGS002391
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.0001)
PSS009721|
European Ancestry|
42,914 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0197 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013519 PGS002391
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.0001)
PSS009722|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,658 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0052 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013568 PGS002440
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.001)
PSS009719|
African Ancestry|
6,277 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0001 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013617 PGS002440
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.001)
PSS009720|
East Asian Ancestry|
876 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013666 PGS002440
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.001)
PSS009721|
European Ancestry|
42,914 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0245 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013715 PGS002440
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.001)
PSS009722|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,658 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0036 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013764 PGS002489
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.01)
PSS009719|
African Ancestry|
6,277 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0012 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013813 PGS002489
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.01)
PSS009720|
East Asian Ancestry|
876 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0006 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013862 PGS002489
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.01)
PSS009721|
European Ancestry|
42,914 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0156 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013911 PGS002489
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.0.01)
PSS009722|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,658 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0015 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM013960 PGS002538
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.1e-06)
PSS009719|
African Ancestry|
6,277 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.001 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014009 PGS002538
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.1e-06)
PSS009720|
East Asian Ancestry|
876 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0003 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014058 PGS002538
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.1e-06)
PSS009721|
European Ancestry|
42,914 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0107 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014107 PGS002538
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.1e-06)
PSS009722|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,658 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0037 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014156 PGS002587
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.5e-08)
PSS009719|
African Ancestry|
6,277 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0004 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014205 PGS002587
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.5e-08)
PSS009720|
East Asian Ancestry|
876 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0006 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014254 PGS002587
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.5e-08)
PSS009721|
European Ancestry|
42,914 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0071 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014303 PGS002587
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.P+T.5e-08)
PSS009722|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,658 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0025 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014352 PGS002636
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.PolyFun-pred)
PSS009719|
African Ancestry|
6,277 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model when combined with BOLT-LMM vs. covariates alone): 0.0023 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs See cov_EDU_COLLEGE.mixweights file at http://data.broadinstitute.org/alkesgroup/polypred_results for combination weights
PPM014401 PGS002636
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.PolyFun-pred)
PSS009720|
East Asian Ancestry|
876 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model when combined with BOLT-LMM vs. covariates alone): 0.0003 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs See cov_EDU_COLLEGE.mixweights file at http://data.broadinstitute.org/alkesgroup/polypred_results for combination weights
PPM014450 PGS002636
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.PolyFun-pred)
PSS009721|
European Ancestry|
42,914 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model when combined with BOLT-LMM vs. covariates alone): 0.0548 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs See cov_EDU_COLLEGE.mixweights file at http://data.broadinstitute.org/alkesgroup/polypred_results for combination weights
PPM014499 PGS002636
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.PolyFun-pred)
PSS009722|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,658 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model when combined with BOLT-LMM vs. covariates alone): 0.0224 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs See cov_EDU_COLLEGE.mixweights file at http://data.broadinstitute.org/alkesgroup/polypred_results for combination weights
PPM014548 PGS002685
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.SBayesR)
PSS009719|
African Ancestry|
6,277 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0023 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014597 PGS002685
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.SBayesR)
PSS009720|
East Asian Ancestry|
876 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0008 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014646 PGS002685
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.SBayesR)
PSS009721|
European Ancestry|
42,914 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0524 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs
PPM014695 PGS002685
(cov_EDU_COLLEGE.SBayesR)
PSS009722|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,658 individuals
PGP000332 |
Weissbrod O et al. Nat Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: College education Incremental R2 (full model vs. covariates alone): 0.0224 age, sex, age‚age*sex, assessment center, genotyping array, 10 PCs

Evaluated Samples

PGS Sample Set ID
(PSS)
Phenotype Definitions and Methods Participant Follow-up Time Sample Numbers Age of Study Participants Sample Ancestry Additional Ancestry Description Cohort(s) Additional Sample/Cohort Information
PSS007941 1,949 individuals African American or Afro-Caribbean Carribean UKB
PSS009719 6,277 individuals African unspecified UKB
PSS009720 876 individuals East Asian UKB
PSS009721 42,914 individuals European Non-British European UKB
PSS009722 7,658 individuals South Asian UKB
PSS009045 3,278 individuals African unspecified Nigeria (West Africa) UKB
PSS009271 3,619 individuals European Poland (NE Europe) UKB
PSS008599 957 individuals Greater Middle Eastern (Middle Eastern, North African or Persian) Iran (Middle East) UKB
PSS008377 4,749 individuals South Asian India (South Asia) UKB
PSS008153 1,520 individuals East Asian China (East Asia) UKB
PSS009497 16,350 individuals European UK (+ Ireland) UKB
PSS008825 5,612 individuals European Italy (South Europe) UKB