Trait: glucose measurement

Experimental Factor Ontology (EFO) Information
Identifier EFO_0004468
Description Is any quantification of glucose.
Trait category
Other measurement
Synonym glucose level
Mapped terms 3 mapped terms
  • ICD10:R73
  • NCIt:C105585
  • SNOMEDCT:36048009
Child trait(s) 4 child traits

Associated Polygenic Score(s)

Filter PGS by Participant Ancestry
Individuals included in:
G - Source of Variant Associations (GWAS)
D - Score Development/Training
E - PGS Evaluation
List of ancestries includes:
Display options:
Ancestry legend
Multi-ancestry (including European)
Multi-ancestry (excluding European)
African
East Asian
South Asian
Additional Asian Ancestries
European
Greater Middle Eastern
Hispanic or Latin American
Additional Diverse Ancestries
Not Reported
Note: This table shows all PGS for "glucose measurement" and any child terms of this trait in the EFO hierarchy by default.
Polygenic Score ID & Name PGS Publication ID (PGP) Reported Trait Mapped Trait(s) (Ontology) Number of Variants Ancestry distribution Scoring File (FTP Link)
PGS000127
(GS-E-EUR)
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Hemoglobin A1c HbA1c measurement 21
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000127/ScoringFiles/PGS000127.txt.gz
PGS000128
(GS-E-AFR)
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Hemoglobin A1c HbA1c measurement 22
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000128/ScoringFiles/PGS000128.txt.gz
PGS000129
(GS-E-EAS)
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Hemoglobin A1c HbA1c measurement 17
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000129/ScoringFiles/PGS000129.txt.gz
PGS000130
(GS-G-EUR)
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Hemoglobin A1c HbA1c measurement 19
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000130/ScoringFiles/PGS000130.txt.gz
PGS000131
(GS-G-AFR)
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Hemoglobin A1c HbA1c measurement 19
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000131/ScoringFiles/PGS000131.txt.gz
PGS000132
(GS-G-EAS)
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Hemoglobin A1c HbA1c measurement 19
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000132/ScoringFiles/PGS000132.txt.gz
PGS000304
(GRS43_HbA1c)
PGP000092 |
Xie T et al. Circ Genom Precis Med (2020)
HbA1c HbA1c measurement 43
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000304/ScoringFiles/PGS000304.txt.gz
PGS000305
(GRS31_FG)
PGP000092 |
Xie T et al. Circ Genom Precis Med (2020)
Fasting glucose fasting blood glucose measurement 31
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000305/ScoringFiles/PGS000305.txt.gz
PGS000306
(GRS19_FGadjBMI)
PGP000092 |
Xie T et al. Circ Genom Precis Med (2020)
Fasting glucose (body mass index adjusted) BMI-adjusted fasting blood glucose measurement 19
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000306/ScoringFiles/PGS000306.txt.gz
PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Glucose [mmol/L] glucose measurement 3,313
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000684/ScoringFiles/PGS000684.txt.gz - Check Terms/Licenses
PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
HbA1c [mmol/mol] HbA1c measurement 14,658
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000685/ScoringFiles/PGS000685.txt.gz - Check Terms/Licenses
PGS000838
(Fasting_Glucose)
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Fasting Glucose fasting blood glucose measurement 224
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000838/ScoringFiles/PGS000838.txt.gz
PGS000839
(2H_Glucose)
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Two hour glucose during OGTT glucose tolerance test 219
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000839/ScoringFiles/PGS000839.txt.gz
PGS001350
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_FG)
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Fasting glucose fasting blood glucose measurement 1,023,373
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS001350/ScoringFiles/PGS001350.txt.gz
PGS001352
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_HbA1c)
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Glycated haemoglobin levels (HbA1c) HbA1c measurement 1,018,836
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS001352/ScoringFiles/PGS001352.txt.gz
PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Glucose glucose measurement 14,811
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS001952/ScoringFiles/PGS001952.txt.gz
PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) HbA1c measurement 46,566
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS001953/ScoringFiles/PGS001953.txt.gz
PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Glucose glucose measurement 602,241
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002170/ScoringFiles/PGS002170.txt.gz
PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) HbA1c measurement 736,730
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002171/ScoringFiles/PGS002171.txt.gz

Performance Metrics

Disclaimer: The performance metrics are displayed as reported by the source studies. It is important to note that metrics are not necessarily comparable with each other. For example, metrics depend on the sample characteristics (described by the PGS Catalog Sample Set [PSS] ID), phenotyping, and statistical modelling. Please refer to the source publication for additional guidance on performance.

PGS Performance
Metric ID (PPM)
Evaluated Score PGS Sample Set ID
(PSS)
Performance Source Trait PGS Effect Sizes
(per SD change)
Classification Metrics Other Metrics Covariates Included in the Model PGS Performance:
Other Relevant Information
PPM000407 PGS000127
(GS-E-EUR)
PSS000236|
European Ancestry|
37,357 individuals
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Reported Trait: Incident type 2 diabetes OR: 1.0 [0.99, 1.01] age, sex
PPM000408 PGS000128
(GS-E-AFR)
PSS000234|
African Ancestry|
1,906 individuals
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Reported Trait: Incident type 2 diabetes OR: 0.98 [0.96, 1.0] age, sex
PPM000409 PGS000129
(GS-E-EAS)
PSS000235|
East Asian Ancestry|
5,073 individuals
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Reported Trait: Incident type 2 diabetes OR: 1.02 [0.99, 1.05] age, sex
PPM000410 PGS000130
(GS-G-EUR)
PSS000236|
European Ancestry|
37,357 individuals
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Reported Trait: Incident type 2 diabetes OR: 1.05 [1.04, 1.06] age, sex
PPM000411 PGS000131
(GS-G-AFR)
PSS000234|
African Ancestry|
1,906 individuals
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Reported Trait: Incident type 2 diabetes OR: 1.0 [0.95, 1.05] age, sex
PPM000412 PGS000132
(GS-G-EAS)
PSS000235|
East Asian Ancestry|
5,073 individuals
PGP000064 |
Wheeler E et al. PLoS Med (2017)
Reported Trait: Incident type 2 diabetes OR: 1.05 [1.02, 1.07] age, sex
PPM000774 PGS000304
(GRS43_HbA1c)
PSS000376|
European Ancestry|
1,354 individuals
PGP000092 |
Xie T et al. Circ Genom Precis Med (2020)
Reported Trait: HbA1c (%) : 0.0283 Sex, age, age^2
PPM000803 PGS000304
(GRS43_HbA1c)
PSS000371|
European Ancestry|
288 individuals
PGP000092 |
Xie T et al. Circ Genom Precis Med (2020)
Reported Trait: HbA1c (%) : 0.0277 Sex, age, age^2
PPM000775 PGS000305
(GRS31_FG)
PSS000376|
European Ancestry|
1,354 individuals
PGP000092 |
Xie T et al. Circ Genom Precis Med (2020)
Reported Trait: Fasting glucose (mmol/l) : 0.0367 Sex, age, age^2
PPM000776 PGS000306
(GRS19_FGadjBMI)
PSS000376|
European Ancestry|
1,354 individuals
PGP000092 |
Xie T et al. Circ Genom Precis Med (2020)
Reported Trait: Fasting glucose (mmol/l) : 0.0095 Sex, age, BMI
PPM001447 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS000695|
East Asian Ancestry|
60 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glucose [mmol/L] : 0.08219
Spearman's ρ: 0.178
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001482 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS000696|
European Ancestry|
986 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glucose [mmol/L] : 0.06962
Spearman's ρ: 0.242
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001517 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS000697|
South Asian Ancestry|
337 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glucose [mmol/L] : 0.05599
Spearman's ρ: 0.227
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001552 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS000698|
European Ancestry|
2,208 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glucose [mmol/L] : 0.06966
Spearman's ρ: 0.214
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001583 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS000813|
European Ancestry|
2,129 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glucose [mmol/L] Spearman's ρ: 0.132 Age, sex
PPM001584 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS000814|
European Ancestry|
2,002 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glucose [mmol/L] Spearman's ρ: 0.135 Age, sex
PPM001412 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS000694|
African Ancestry|
760 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glucose [mmol/L] : 0.05168
Spearman's ρ: 0.059
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM007345 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS007151|
African Ancestry|
5,651 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glucose : 0.02744 [0.01961, 0.03527]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00103
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.00255 [0.0001, 0.005]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007346 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS007152|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,474 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glucose : 0.04784 [0.02811, 0.06758]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00354
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.00962 [0.00041, 0.01883]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007347 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS007153|
European Ancestry|
21,725 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glucose : 0.01933 [0.01594, 0.02271]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00451
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.01332 [0.01049, 0.01615]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007348 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS007154|
South Asian Ancestry|
6,787 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glucose : 0.02105 [0.01476, 0.02734]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00223
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.01136 [0.0067, 0.01603]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007349 PGS000684
(snpnet.Glucose)
PSS007155|
European Ancestry|
59,031 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glucose : 0.01813 [0.01614, 0.02013]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00467
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.01444 [0.01265, 0.01622]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM001413 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS000704|
African Ancestry|
4,847 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: HbA1c [mmol/mol] : 0.07974
Spearman's ρ: 0.132
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001448 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS000705|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,032 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: HbA1c [mmol/mol] : 0.16979
Spearman's ρ: 0.285
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001483 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS000706|
European Ancestry|
22,518 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: HbA1c [mmol/mol] : 0.17335
Spearman's ρ: 0.367
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001518 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS000707|
South Asian Ancestry|
6,895 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: HbA1c [mmol/mol] : 0.12743
Spearman's ρ: 0.268
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001553 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS000708|
European Ancestry|
60,920 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: HbA1c [mmol/mol] : 0.16381
Spearman's ρ: 0.375
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001585 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS000817|
European Ancestry|
1,995 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: HbA1c [mmol/mol] Spearman's ρ: 0.217 Age, sex
PPM007350 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS007156|
African Ancestry|
5,219 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) : 0.05396 [0.04328, 0.06464]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00054
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.00619 [0.00239, 0.00998]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007351 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS007157|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,622 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) : 0.1264 [0.09696, 0.15583]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00207
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.04145 [0.02295, 0.05994]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007352 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS007158|
European Ancestry|
23,762 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) : 0.06205 [0.05625, 0.06785]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00348
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.06567 [0.05972, 0.07162]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007353 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS007159|
South Asian Ancestry|
7,345 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) : 0.05344 [0.04375, 0.06313]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00135
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.03576 [0.02769, 0.04383]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007354 PGS000685
(snpnet.Glycated_haemoglobin_HbA1c)
PSS007160|
European Ancestry|
64,432 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) : 0.05264 [0.04936, 0.05592]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00369
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.06933 [0.06563, 0.07303]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM002273 PGS000838
(Fasting_Glucose)
PSS001086|
European Ancestry|
3,194 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Severe Autoimmune Diabetes OR: 1.09 [0.98, 1.2] PC1-10
PPM002275 PGS000838
(Fasting_Glucose)
PSS001088|
European Ancestry|
3,869 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Severe Insulin-Resistant Diabetes OR: 1.05 [0.98, 1.13] PC1-10
PPM002276 PGS000838
(Fasting_Glucose)
PSS001085|
European Ancestry|
4,116 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Moderate Obesity-related Diabetes OR: 1.38 [1.29, 1.48] PC1-10
PPM002277 PGS000838
(Fasting_Glucose)
PSS001084|
European Ancestry|
5,597 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Moderate Age-Related Diabetes OR: 1.33 [1.26, 1.41] PC1-10
PPM002274 PGS000838
(Fasting_Glucose)
PSS001087|
European Ancestry|
3,930 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Severe Insulin-Deficient Diabetes OR: 1.33 [1.24, 1.42] PC1-10
PPM002278 PGS000839
(2H_Glucose)
PSS001086|
European Ancestry|
3,194 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Severe Autoimmune Diabetes OR: 1.12 [1.01, 1.24] PC1-10
PPM002279 PGS000839
(2H_Glucose)
PSS001087|
European Ancestry|
3,930 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Severe Insulin-Deficient Diabetes OR: 1.4 [1.31, 1.51] PC1-10
PPM002280 PGS000839
(2H_Glucose)
PSS001088|
European Ancestry|
3,869 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Severe Insulin-Resistant Diabetes OR: 1.13 [1.06, 1.22] PC1-10
PPM002281 PGS000839
(2H_Glucose)
PSS001085|
European Ancestry|
4,116 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Moderate Obesity-related Diabetes OR: 1.31 [1.22, 1.4] PC1-10
PPM002282 PGS000839
(2H_Glucose)
PSS001084|
European Ancestry|
5,597 individuals
PGP000211 |
Aly DM et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Moderate Age-Related Diabetes OR: 1.34 [1.27, 1.42] PC1-10
PPM005137 PGS001350
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_FG)
PSS003587|
European Ancestry|
45,038 individuals
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Fasting glucose : 0.229
PPM005140 PGS001350
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_FG)
PSS003585|
African Ancestry|
16,579 individuals
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Fasting glucose : 0.032
PPM005143 PGS001350
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_FG)
PSS003586|
East Asian Ancestry|
31,669 individuals
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Fasting glucose : 0.027
PPM005139 PGS001352
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_HbA1c)
PSS003594|
European Ancestry|
61,820 individuals
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin levels (HbA1c) : 0.178
PPM005142 PGS001352
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_HbA1c)
PSS003591|
African Ancestry|
6,647 individuals
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin levels (HbA1c) : 0.012
PPM005145 PGS001352
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_HbA1c)
PSS003593|
East Asian Ancestry|
31,236 individuals
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin levels (HbA1c) : 0.026
PPM005146 PGS001352
(MAGICTA_EUR_PGS_HbA1c)
PSS003592|
African Ancestry|
4,441 individuals
PGP000246 |
Chen J et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin levels (HbA1c) : 0.006
PPM010491 PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PSS009445|
European Ancestry|
17,440 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1692 [0.1548, 0.1836] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010492 PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PSS009219|
European Ancestry|
3,591 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1835 [0.1516, 0.215] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010493 PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PSS008773|
European Ancestry|
5,795 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1572 [0.1319, 0.1822] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010494 PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PSS008547|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
1,034 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1414 [0.0806, 0.2012] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010495 PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PSS008325|
South Asian Ancestry|
5,481 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.142 [0.116, 0.1679] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010496 PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PSS008102|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,562 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1327 [0.0833, 0.1814] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010497 PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PSS007889|
African Ancestry|
2,159 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0635 [0.0212, 0.1056] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010498 PGS001952
(portability-PLR_log_glucose)
PSS008993|
African Ancestry|
3,397 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0622 [0.0286, 0.0958] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010500 PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PSS009208|
European Ancestry|
3,930 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.3374 [0.3093, 0.3649] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010501 PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PSS008762|
European Ancestry|
6,326 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.3092 [0.2867, 0.3314] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010502 PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PSS008536|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
1,128 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.329 [0.2755, 0.3806] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010503 PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PSS008314|
South Asian Ancestry|
5,936 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.2406 [0.2164, 0.2644] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010504 PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PSS008091|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,731 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.2506 [0.2057, 0.2945] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010505 PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PSS007878|
African Ancestry|
2,100 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1217 [0.0792, 0.1639] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010506 PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PSS008982|
African Ancestry|
2,976 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.087 [0.0511, 0.1226] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010499 PGS001953
(portability-PLR_log_HbA1c)
PSS009434|
European Ancestry|
19,060 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.3405 [0.3279, 0.353] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012207 PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PSS009445|
European Ancestry|
17,440 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1726 [0.1581, 0.1869] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012208 PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PSS009219|
European Ancestry|
3,591 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1797 [0.1478, 0.2113] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012209 PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PSS008773|
European Ancestry|
5,795 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1621 [0.1369, 0.1871] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012210 PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PSS008547|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
1,034 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1516 [0.0909, 0.2112] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012211 PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PSS008325|
South Asian Ancestry|
5,481 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1434 [0.1173, 0.1692] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012213 PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PSS007889|
African Ancestry|
2,159 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0711 [0.0288, 0.1131] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012214 PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PSS008993|
African Ancestry|
3,397 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0703 [0.0366, 0.1037] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012212 PGS002170
(portability-ldpred2_log_glucose)
PSS008102|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,562 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glucose Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1358 [0.0864, 0.1844] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012215 PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PSS009434|
European Ancestry|
19,060 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.3359 [0.3233, 0.3485] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012216 PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PSS009208|
European Ancestry|
3,930 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.3366 [0.3085, 0.3641] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012217 PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PSS008762|
European Ancestry|
6,326 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.3096 [0.2871, 0.3317] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012219 PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PSS008314|
South Asian Ancestry|
5,936 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.2393 [0.2152, 0.2632] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012220 PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PSS008091|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,731 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.2571 [0.2123, 0.3008] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012221 PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PSS007878|
African Ancestry|
2,100 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1245 [0.082, 0.1666] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012222 PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PSS008982|
African Ancestry|
2,976 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0934 [0.0575, 0.129] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012218 PGS002171
(portability-ldpred2_log_HbA1c)
PSS008536|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
1,128 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.3222 [0.2684, 0.374] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs

Evaluated Samples

PGS Sample Set ID
(PSS)
Phenotype Definitions and Methods Participant Follow-up Time Sample Numbers Age of Study Participants Sample Ancestry Additional Ancestry Description Cohort(s) Additional Sample/Cohort Information
PSS003594 61,820 individuals European EPIC, InterAct, LifeLines, METSIM, WGHS
PSS008773 5,795 individuals European Italy (South Europe) UKB
PSS007878 2,100 individuals African American or Afro-Caribbean Carribean UKB
PSS000813 2,129 individuals European Participants self-identifying as white MESA
PSS000814 2,002 individuals European Participants self-identifying as white MESA
PSS000817 1,995 individuals European Participants self-identifying as white MESA
PSS007889 2,159 individuals African American or Afro-Caribbean Carribean UKB
PSS000694 760 individuals African unspecified UKB
PSS000695 60 individuals East Asian UKB
PSS000696 986 individuals European Non-British White UKB
PSS000697 337 individuals South Asian UKB
PSS000698 2,208 individuals European
(British)
UKB
PSS008536 1,128 individuals Greater Middle Eastern (Middle Eastern, North African or Persian) Iran (Middle East) UKB
PSS008314 5,936 individuals South Asian India (South Asia) UKB
PSS009434 19,060 individuals European UK (+ Ireland) UKB
PSS000704 4,847 individuals African unspecified UKB
PSS000705 1,032 individuals East Asian UKB
PSS000706 22,518 individuals European Non-British White UKB
PSS000707 6,895 individuals South Asian UKB
PSS000708 60,920 individuals European
(British)
UKB
PSS008547 1,034 individuals Greater Middle Eastern (Middle Eastern, North African or Persian) Iran (Middle East) UKB
PSS009445 17,440 individuals European UK (+ Ireland) UKB
PSS000371 Individuals who have been referred to a child psychiatric outpatient clinic in the Northern Netherlands before the age of 11. We measured weight and height using regularly calibrated equipment (scales and stadiometer models 770 and 214, respectively; Seca, Hamburg, Germany). Body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) was also calculated. We measured waist circumference at the midpoint between the lower costal margin and the iliac crest. The hip circumference was measured over both trochanter majores (tangible bone on the outside of the hip joint). Waist to hip ratio was also calculated. We performed all measurements in duplicate, and, if the difference between these measurements exceeded a predefined value, a third measurement was performed. All available measurements were used to calculate means. Heart rate, systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were measured in duplicate with a Dinamap Critikon 1846SX (Critikon Inc, Tampa, FL), from which we calculated means. At the third visit, fasting blood sample of participants were drawn for the measurement of glucose (Roche Diagnostics, Basel, Switzerland), insulin (Diagnostic Systems Laboratories Inc, Webster, TX), HbA1c (high performance liquid chromatography, Variant, Bio-Rad), triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (Roche Diagnostics) and LDL cholesterol (calculated according to Friedewald’s equation5), as well as alanine transaminase (Photometric determination according to the reference method of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (IFCC)6) and lipoprotein(a) (Nephelometric method, BN2, DadeBehring). Serum creatinine was measured by photometric determination with the Jaffé method without deproteinisation (Ecoline® MEGA, DiaSys Diagnostic Systems GmbH. Merck). eGFR for adolescents who were younger than 18 years old was calculated using the Schwartz formula.7 High‐sensitivity C‐reactive protein (hsCRP) was determined using an immunonephelometric method, BN2 (CardioPhase hsCRP, Siemens) with a lower detection limit of 0.175 mg/L. Total IgE measurements were performed using the Phadia Immunocap 100 system with fluoroenzyme immunoassay (FEIA). 288 individuals,
69.2 % Male samples
Mean = 15.83 years
Sd = 0.6 years
European TRAILS, TRAILSCC TRAILS Clinical Cohort
PSS007151 5,651 individuals African unspecified UKB
PSS000376 We measured weight and height using regularly calibrated equipment (scales and stadiometer models 770 and 214, respectively; Seca, Hamburg, Germany). Body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) was also calculated. We measured waist circumference at the midpoint between the lower costal margin and the iliac crest. The hip circumference was measured over both trochanter majores (tangible bone on the outside of the hip joint). Waist to hip ratio was also calculated. We performed all measurements in duplicate, and, if the difference between these measurements exceeded a predefined value, a third measurement was performed. All available measurements were used to calculate means. Heart rate, systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were measured in duplicate with a Dinamap Critikon 1846SX (Critikon Inc, Tampa, FL), from which we calculated means. At the third visit, fasting blood sample of participants were drawn for the measurement of glucose (Roche Diagnostics, Basel, Switzerland), insulin (Diagnostic Systems Laboratories Inc, Webster, TX), HbA1c (high performance liquid chromatography, Variant, Bio-Rad), triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (Roche Diagnostics) and LDL cholesterol (calculated according to Friedewald’s equation5), as well as alanine transaminase (Photometric determination according to the reference method of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (IFCC)6) and lipoprotein(a) (Nephelometric method, BN2, DadeBehring). Serum creatinine was measured by photometric determination with the Jaffé method without deproteinisation (Ecoline® MEGA, DiaSys Diagnostic Systems GmbH. Merck). eGFR for adolescents who were younger than 18 years old was calculated using the Schwartz formula.7 High‐sensitivity C‐reactive protein (hsCRP) was determined using an immunonephelometric method, BN2 (CardioPhase hsCRP, Siemens) with a lower detection limit of 0.175 mg/L. Total IgE measurements were performed using the Phadia Immunocap 100 system with fluoroenzyme immunoassay (FEIA). 1,354 individuals,
47.56 % Male samples
Mean = 16.22 years
Sd = 0.66 years
European TRAILS
PSS007152 1,474 individuals East Asian UKB
PSS007153 21,725 individuals European non-white British ancestry UKB
PSS007155 59,031 individuals European white British ancestry UKB Testing cohort (heldout set)
PSS007154 6,787 individuals South Asian UKB
PSS007156 5,219 individuals African unspecified UKB
PSS007157 1,622 individuals East Asian UKB
PSS007158 23,762 individuals European non-white British ancestry UKB
PSS007159 7,345 individuals South Asian UKB
PSS007160 64,432 individuals European white British ancestry UKB Testing cohort (heldout set)
PSS001086 Severe Autoimmune Diabetes (SAID) vs. controls
[
  • 450 cases
  • , 2,744 controls
]
European Swedish ANDIS
PSS001088 Severe Insulin-Resistant Diabetes (SIRD) vs. controls
[
  • 1,125 cases
  • , 2,744 controls
]
European Swedish ANDIS
PSS001085 Moderate Obesity-related Diabetes (MOD) vs. controls
[
  • 1,372 cases
  • , 2,744 controls
]
European Swedish ANDIS
PSS001084 Moderate Age-Related Diabetes (MARD) vs. controls
[
  • 2,853 cases
  • , 2,744 controls
]
European Swedish ANDIS
PSS001087 Severe Insulin-Deficient Diabetes (SIDD) vs. controls
[
  • 1,186 cases
  • , 2,744 controls
]
European Swedish ANDIS
PSS009219 3,591 individuals European Poland (NE Europe) UKB
PSS008325 5,481 individuals South Asian India (South Asia) UKB
PSS009208 3,930 individuals European Poland (NE Europe) UKB
PSS008982 2,976 individuals African unspecified Nigeria (West Africa) UKB
PSS008091 1,731 individuals East Asian China (East Asia) UKB
PSS000234 Incident type 2 diabtes defined as fasting glucose >= 7 mmol/L, 2 hour glucose >= 11.1 mmol/L, antidiabetic medication use, or a physician diagnosis of type 2 diabetes Range = [10.0, 15.0] years
[
  • 262 cases
  • , 1,644 controls
]
,
37.93 % Male samples
Mean = 57.4 years
Sd = 7.43 years
African unspecified ARIC, MESA Partial overlap with discovery GWAS
PSS000235 Incident type 2 diabtes defined as fasting glucose >= 7 mmol/L, 2 hour glucose >= 11.1 mmol/L, antidiabetic medication use, or a physician diagnosis of type 2 diabetes Range = [10.0, 15.0] years
[
  • 2,391 cases
  • , 2,682 controls
]
,
47.45 % Male samples
Mean = 55.6 years
Sd = 7.37 years
East Asian MESA, SCHS Partial overlap with discovery GWAS
PSS000236 Incident type 2 diabtes defined as fasting glucose >= 7 mmol/L, 2 hour glucose >= 11.1 mmol/L, antidiabetic medication use, or a physician diagnosis of type 2 diabetes Range = [10.0, 15.0] years
[
  • 13,145 cases
  • , 24,212 controls
]
,
43.47 % Male samples
Mean = 54.63 years
Sd = 8.27 years
European ARIC, FHS, InterAct, MESA Partial overlap with discovery GWAS
PSS008993 3,397 individuals African unspecified Nigeria (West Africa) UKB
PSS008102 1,562 individuals East Asian China (East Asia) UKB
PSS008762 6,326 individuals European Italy (South Europe) UKB
PSS003585 16,579 individuals African American or Afro-Caribbean 10 cohorts
  • ARIC
  • ,BioMe
  • ,CHS
  • ,FamHS
  • ,GENOA
  • ,GeneSTAR
  • ,HANDLS
  • ,JHS
  • ,MESA
  • ,WHI
PSS003586 31,669 individuals East Asian
(Japanese, Chinese, Malay, Filipino, Han Chinese)
13 cohorts
  • AASC
  • ,CAGE
  • ,CHNS
  • ,CLHNS
  • ,CRC
  • ,KARE
  • ,Living-Biobank
  • ,MESA
  • ,NHAPC
  • ,Nagahama_Study
  • ,SBCS
  • ,SMHS
  • ,SP2
PSS003587 45,038 individuals European ARIC, LifeLines, METSIM, TwinGene Additional cases and controls were obtained from Fenland-OMICS.
PSS003591 6,647 individuals African American or Afro-Caribbean ARIC, BioMe, HANDLS, JHS, MESA
PSS003592 4,441 individuals Sub-Saharan African
(Ugandan)
NR
PSS003593 31,236 individuals East Asian
(Japanese, Chinese, Malay, Han Chinese)
15 cohorts
  • AASC
  • ,BES
  • ,CAGE
  • ,CHNS
  • ,CRC
  • ,KARE
  • ,Living-Biobank
  • ,MESA
  • ,NHAPC
  • ,Nagahama_Study
  • ,SBCS
  • ,SCES
  • ,SIMES
  • ,SP2
  • ,TWSC