Trait: testosterone measurement

Experimental Factor Ontology (EFO) Information
Identifier EFO_0004908
Description is a quantification of testosterone, typically in serum. Testosterone is a steroid hormone.Testosterone measurement is used in the diagnosis of precocious or delayed puberty, infertility (in men and women), ovarian tumours, adrenal tumours and pituitary disorders.
Trait category
Other measurement
Synonyms 2 synonyms
  • testosterone level
  • testosterone levels
Mapped terms 2 mapped terms
  • NCIt:C75378
  • SNOMEDCT:104957004

Associated Polygenic Score(s)

Filter PGS by Participant Ancestry
Individuals included in:
G - Source of Variant Associations (GWAS)
D - Score Development/Training
E - PGS Evaluation
List of ancestries includes:
Display options:
Ancestry legend
Multi-ancestry (including European)
Multi-ancestry (excluding European)
African
East Asian
South Asian
Additional Asian Ancestries
European
Greater Middle Eastern
Hispanic or Latin American
Additional Diverse Ancestries
Not Reported
Polygenic Score ID & Name PGS Publication ID (PGP) Reported Trait Mapped Trait(s) (Ontology) Number of Variants Ancestry distribution Scoring File (FTP Link)
PGS000321
(snpnet_Testosterone_combined)
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Serum testosterone levels testosterone measurement 7,319
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000321/ScoringFiles/PGS000321.txt.gz
PGS000322
(snpnet_Testosterone_female-specific)
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Serum testosterone levels in females testosterone measurement,
female
7,168
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000322/ScoringFiles/PGS000322.txt.gz
PGS000323
(snpnet_Testosterone_male-specific)
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Serum testosterone levels in males testosterone measurement,
male
8,235
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000323/ScoringFiles/PGS000323.txt.gz
PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Testosterone [nmol/L] testosterone measurement 8,223
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS000696/ScoringFiles/PGS000696.txt.gz - Check Terms/Licenses
PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Testosterone (female only) testosterone measurement,
female
18,179
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS001914/ScoringFiles/PGS001914.txt.gz
PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Testosterone (male only) testosterone measurement,
male
3,985
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS001988/ScoringFiles/PGS001988.txt.gz
PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Testosterone (female only) testosterone measurement,
female
650,195
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002130/ScoringFiles/PGS002130.txt.gz
PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Testosterone (male only) testosterone measurement,
male
584,991
-
https://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases/spot/pgs/scores/PGS002205/ScoringFiles/PGS002205.txt.gz

Performance Metrics

Disclaimer: The performance metrics are displayed as reported by the source studies. It is important to note that metrics are not necessarily comparable with each other. For example, metrics depend on the sample characteristics (described by the PGS Catalog Sample Set [PSS] ID), phenotyping, and statistical modelling. Please refer to the source publication for additional guidance on performance.

PGS Performance
Metric ID (PPM)
Evaluated Score PGS Sample Set ID
(PSS)
Performance Source Trait PGS Effect Sizes
(per SD change)
Classification Metrics Other Metrics Covariates Included in the Model PGS Performance:
Other Relevant Information
PPM000865 PGS000321
(snpnet_Testosterone_combined)
PSS000421|
European Ancestry|
28,640 individuals
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Reported Trait: Serum testosterone levels in females : 0.13 age, sex, PCs 1-40, blood draw time, fasting time, sample dilution factor, batch, genotyping array
PPM000862 PGS000321
(snpnet_Testosterone_combined)
PSS000422|
European Ancestry|
28,601 individuals
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Reported Trait: Serum testosterone levels in males : 0.21 age, sex, PCs 1-40, blood draw time, fasting time, sample dilution factor, batch, genotyping array
PPM000864 PGS000322
(snpnet_Testosterone_female-specific)
PSS000421|
European Ancestry|
28,640 individuals
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Reported Trait: Serum testosterone levels in females : 0.18 age, sex, PCs 1-40, blood draw time, fasting time, sample dilution factor, batch, genotyping array
PPM000863 PGS000322
(snpnet_Testosterone_female-specific)
PSS000422|
European Ancestry|
28,601 individuals
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Reported Trait: Serum testosterone levels in males : 0.02 age, sex, PCs 1-40, blood draw time, fasting time, sample dilution factor, batch, genotyping array
PPM000866 PGS000323
(snpnet_Testosterone_male-specific)
PSS000421|
European Ancestry|
28,640 individuals
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Reported Trait: Serum testosterone levels in females : 0.023 age, sex, PCs 1-40, blood draw time, fasting time, sample dilution factor, batch, genotyping array
PPM000861 PGS000323
(snpnet_Testosterone_male-specific)
PSS000422|
European Ancestry|
28,601 individuals
PGP000097 |
Flynn E et al. Eur J Hum Genet (2020)
Reported Trait: Serum testosterone levels in males : 0.31 age, sex, PCs 1-40, blood draw time, fasting time, sample dilution factor, batch, genotyping array
PPM001424 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS000757|
African Ancestry|
5,453 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Testosterone [nmol/L] : 0.89659
Spearman's ρ: 0.091
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001459 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS000758|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,008 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Testosterone [nmol/L] : 0.91376
Spearman's ρ: 0.115
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001494 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS000759|
European Ancestry|
21,344 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Testosterone [nmol/L] : 0.90433
Spearman's ρ: 0.169
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001529 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS000760|
South Asian Ancestry|
6,680 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Testosterone [nmol/L] : 0.89983
Spearman's ρ: 0.149
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001564 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS000761|
European Ancestry|
57,774 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Testosterone [nmol/L] : 0.9055
Spearman's ρ: 0.175
Age, sex, PCs(1-40)
PPM001572 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS000831|
European Ancestry|
2,129 individuals
PGP000128 |
Sinnott-Armstrong N et al. Nat Genet (2021)
Reported Trait: Testosterone [nmol/L] Spearman's ρ: 0.104 Age, sex
PPM007405 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS007196|
African Ancestry|
5,534 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Testosterone : 0.80968 [0.80136, 0.81801]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00067
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.00079 [-0.00058, 0.00215]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007406 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS007197|
East Asian Ancestry|
1,506 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Testosterone : 0.865 [0.8531, 0.8769]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.0008
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.00346 [-0.00209, 0.00902]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007407 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS007198|
European Ancestry|
21,549 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Testosterone : 0.8185 [0.81442, 0.82257]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00147
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.00189 [0.00081, 0.00297]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007408 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS007199|
South Asian Ancestry|
6,754 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Testosterone : 0.77833 [0.76967, 0.78698]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00157
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.00425 [0.00137, 0.00712]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM007409 PGS000696
(snpnet.Testosterone)
PSS007200|
European Ancestry|
58,509 individuals
PGP000244 |
Tanigawa Y et al. PLoS Genet (2022)
|Ext.
Reported Trait: Testosterone : 0.8074 [0.80479, 0.81001]
Incremental R2 (full-covars): 0.00156
PGS R2 (no covariates): 0.00319 [0.00234, 0.00404]
age, sex, UKB array type, Genotype PCs
PPM010195 PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PSS009374|
European Ancestry|
9,296 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1628 [0.143, 0.1826] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010197 PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008702|
European Ancestry|
3,123 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1116 [0.0767, 0.1462] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010198 PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008476|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
562 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.2041 [0.122, 0.2835] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010199 PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008254|
South Asian Ancestry|
2,976 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1494 [0.114, 0.1845] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010200 PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008032|
East Asian Ancestry|
855 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0621 [-0.0058, 0.1294] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010201 PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PSS007818|
African Ancestry|
1,112 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0967 [0.0376, 0.1551] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010202 PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008922|
African Ancestry|
1,808 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0739 [0.0276, 0.1198] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010196 PGS001914
(portability-PLR_F_log_testosterone)
PSS009148|
European Ancestry|
1,918 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1364 [0.092, 0.1803] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010779 PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PSS009380|
European Ancestry|
7,947 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1448 [0.1232, 0.1663] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010780 PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PSS009154|
European Ancestry|
1,666 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1145 [0.0665, 0.1619] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010781 PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008708|
European Ancestry|
2,641 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1082 [0.0702, 0.1459] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010782 PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008482|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
485 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1329 [0.0425, 0.2212] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010783 PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008260|
South Asian Ancestry|
2,486 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1284 [0.0893, 0.167] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010784 PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008038|
East Asian Ancestry|
742 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0942 [0.0214, 0.1661] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010786 PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008928|
African Ancestry|
1,551 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0262 [-0.0239, 0.0762] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM010785 PGS001988
(portability-PLR_M_log_testosterone)
PSS007824|
African Ancestry|
973 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0604 [-0.0031, 0.1234] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM011897 PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008702|
European Ancestry|
3,123 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1053 [0.0704, 0.14] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM011895 PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PSS009374|
European Ancestry|
9,296 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1633 [0.1434, 0.183] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM011896 PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PSS009148|
European Ancestry|
1,918 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1566 [0.1124, 0.2001] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM011898 PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008476|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
562 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.2432 [0.1623, 0.3208] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM011899 PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008254|
South Asian Ancestry|
2,976 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1496 [0.1142, 0.1847] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM011900 PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008032|
East Asian Ancestry|
855 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.048 [-0.0199, 0.1155] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM011901 PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PSS007818|
African Ancestry|
1,112 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1167 [0.0578, 0.1749] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM011902 PGS002130
(portability-ldpred2_F_log_testosterone)
PSS008922|
African Ancestry|
1,808 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (female only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0774 [0.0311, 0.1233] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012487 PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PSS009380|
European Ancestry|
7,947 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1503 [0.1287, 0.1717] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012488 PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PSS009154|
European Ancestry|
1,666 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1423 [0.0946, 0.1893] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012489 PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008708|
European Ancestry|
2,641 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1259 [0.088, 0.1634] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012490 PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008482|
Greater Middle Eastern Ancestry|
485 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1526 [0.0626, 0.2402] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012491 PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008260|
South Asian Ancestry|
2,486 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.1129 [0.0737, 0.1517] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012492 PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008038|
East Asian Ancestry|
742 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0935 [0.0207, 0.1654] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012494 PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PSS008928|
African Ancestry|
1,551 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0302 [-0.0199, 0.0802] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs
PPM012493 PGS002205
(portability-ldpred2_M_log_testosterone)
PSS007824|
African Ancestry|
973 individuals
PGP000263 |
Privé F et al. Am J Hum Genet (2022)
Reported Trait: Testosterone (male only) Partial Correlation (partial-r): 0.0603 [-0.0033, 0.1233] sex, age, birth date, deprivation index, 16 PCs

Evaluated Samples

PGS Sample Set ID
(PSS)
Phenotype Definitions and Methods Participant Follow-up Time Sample Numbers Age of Study Participants Sample Ancestry Additional Ancestry Description Cohort(s) Additional Sample/Cohort Information
PSS008260 2,486 individuals South Asian India (South Asia) UKB
PSS008922 1,808 individuals African unspecified Nigeria (West Africa) UKB
PSS000831 2,129 individuals European Participants self-identifying as white MESA
PSS008032 855 individuals East Asian China (East Asia) UKB
PSS008928 1,551 individuals African unspecified Nigeria (West Africa) UKB
PSS008038 742 individuals East Asian China (East Asia) UKB
PSS008702 3,123 individuals European Italy (South Europe) UKB
PSS008708 2,641 individuals European Italy (South Europe) UKB
PSS007818 1,112 individuals African American or Afro-Caribbean Carribean UKB
PSS000421 Blood testosterone levels (UKB field 30850). Individuals taking the following testosterone-related drugs (methyltestosterone, finasteride, dutasteride, testosterone, mesterolone, and cyproterone) were excluded. 28,640 individuals,
0.0 % Male samples
European UKB
PSS000422 Blood testosterone levels (UKB field 30850). Individuals taking the following testosterone-related drugs (methyltestosterone, finasteride, dutasteride, testosterone, mesterolone, and cyproterone) were excluded. 28,601 individuals,
100.0 % Male samples
European UKB
PSS000757 5,453 individuals African unspecified UKB
PSS000758 1,008 individuals East Asian UKB
PSS000759 21,344 individuals European Non-British White UKB
PSS000760 6,680 individuals South Asian UKB
PSS000761 57,774 individuals European
(British)
UKB
PSS007824 973 individuals African American or Afro-Caribbean Carribean UKB
PSS008476 562 individuals Greater Middle Eastern (Middle Eastern, North African or Persian) Iran (Middle East) UKB
PSS009374 9,296 individuals European UK (+ Ireland) UKB
PSS008482 485 individuals Greater Middle Eastern (Middle Eastern, North African or Persian) Iran (Middle East) UKB
PSS007196 5,534 individuals African unspecified UKB
PSS007197 1,506 individuals East Asian UKB
PSS007198 21,549 individuals European non-white British ancestry UKB
PSS007199 6,754 individuals South Asian UKB
PSS007200 58,509 individuals European white British ancestry UKB Testing cohort (heldout set)
PSS009380 7,947 individuals European UK (+ Ireland) UKB
PSS009148 1,918 individuals European Poland (NE Europe) UKB
PSS008254 2,976 individuals South Asian India (South Asia) UKB
PSS009154 1,666 individuals European Poland (NE Europe) UKB